Arundel Castle


Work was started on Arundel castle in 1068 with the raising of the motte and the digging of the dry moat by Earl Roger de Montgomery, followed by the gatehouse in 1070.  The stone keep on the motte was built later by William d'Aubigny.

Earl Roger, as he is referred to in the Domesday book, was a trusted counselor of William I. He did not fight at the Battle of Hastings, but stayed in Normandy to protect William’s holdings there. William granted Earl Roger substantial land in England, including the district or rape of Arundel, as it was known.

Earl Rogers and his sons Hugh, Roger and Robert de Bellême joined the Rebellion of 1088 against William II. William suppresses the rebellion on confiscated much of the rebels land. On Earl Rogers death in 1094 Arundel reverted to the crown. In 1097 William II stopped at Arundel on way to hold court in Windsor. In 1100, William II died while hunting in the new forrest and was succeeded by Henry I.

In 1102 Count Robert de Bellême rebelled against King Henry I and was subsequently banished. Count Robert fled to Arundel, where he was besieged by the king. Henry realized that the siege might be of some duration and built emplacements around the castle. and leaving some of his army to maintain the siege, Henry moved on to besiege Bridgnorth, another of Count Robert’s holdings. When Henry returned to Arundel, Robert de Bellême had fled to Normandy.

Robert had a reputation for extreme cruelty. One chronicler reported he blinded his own son at the age of six and took pleasure from impaling prisoners on sharpened stakes. He was later captured by Henry I at the battle of Tinchedrai and imprisoned for the remainder of his life.

King Stephen granted William d'Aubigny the Honour of Arundel in 1138.  Although a staunch supporter of Stephen, William sheltered the Empress Matilda at Arundel on her return to England in 1139. Matilda was staking her claim to the throne which had been promised to her by her father, Henry I. The conflict between King Stephen and Empress Matilda resulted in an extended period of lawlessness in England known as the Anarchy.

Since then the castle has passed down through the Fitzalan family to the Howards, the Dukes of Norfolk. The castle is home to the current Duke of Norfolk.

The final siege and sack was by Cromwell's Parliamentarian forces in 1643 - 1644. Since then, however, quieter times have prevailed. The castle has now been extensively restored and shows little of the damage inflicted in earlier years.

Arundel Castle slideshow

Visiting Arundel Castle

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